Stian Soiland-Reyes

MetaScore: A novel machine-learning based approach to improve traditional scoring functions for scoring protein-protein docking conformations

We present here MetaScore, a new machine-learning based approach to improve the scoring of docked conformations. MetaScore utilizes a random forest (RF) classifier trained to distinguish near-native from non-native conformations using a rich set of features extracted from the respective protein-protein interfaces. These include physico-chemical properties, energy terms, interaction propensity-based features, geometric properties, interface topology features, evolutionary conservation and also scores produced by traditional scoring functions (SFs). [...]

Perspectives on automated composition of workflows in the life sciences

This article summarizes a recent Lorentz Center workshop dedicated to automated composition of workflows in the life sciences. We survey previous initiatives to automate the composition process, and discuss the current state of the art and future perspectives. We start by drawing the “big picture” of the scientific workflow development life cycle, before surveying and discussing current methods, technologies and practices for semantic domain modelling, automation in workflow development, and workflow assessment. Finally, we derive a roadmap of individual and community-based actions to work toward the vision of automated workflow development in the forthcoming years. [...]

The role of SAXS and molecular simulations in 3D structure elucidation of a DNA aptamer against lung cancer

Aptamers are short, single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotide molecules that function as synthetic analogs of antibodies and bind to a target molecule with high specificity. Aptamer affinity entirely depends on its tertiary structure and charge distribution. Therefore, length and structure optimization are essential for increasing aptamer specificity and affinity. Here, we present a general optimization procedure for finding the most populated atomistic structures of DNA aptamers. [...]